**Celebrating birthdays of the great mathematicians and scientists as well as the national and global days related with math & science can motivate kids by increasing their science literacy and their engagement to the content.**

Click __here__ for the calendar posters.

**Those celebrations can be used as**

*an exciting start (warm-up) for that day’s lesson.**a part of math & science club curriculum.**a mini poster-questions like the ones I have posted above. Click to download poster*__1__*and*__2__*a long-term project topic for kids to complete and create a math/science calendar.**a collaborative class project for the first lesson of each month.*

**JANUARY**

**4th of January: Sir Isaac Newton's birthday**

**English physicist and mathematician, who was the culminating figure of the Scientific Revolution of the 17th century**

*Resources:*

**27th of January: Lewis Carroll's Birthday**

**The famous English author of Alice's Adventures in Wonderland and its sequel Through the Looking Glass was also a brilliant scholar. He taught math and logic at Oxford, for many years. His real name is Charles Lutwidge Dodgson (27 January 1832 – 14 January 1898).**

**Here are some resources to celebrate his life;**

**28th of January: National Data Privacy Day**

**Encourage students to clean up their virtual identities and improve their online security measures and learn more about cyber safety and cyber ethics.**

*Resources:*

**FEBRUARY**

**7th of February**: **e Day / Euler's Day**

I**n mathematics, Euler's constant is the base of the logarithm and is represented by "e" which equals approximately 2.71828. This, naturally, means that Feb. 7th is "e" day –**

*Resources:*

**11th of February: Women in Science Day**

**Celebrate by**

**reading the book “Women in Science” by Rachel Ignotofsky with kids,****making an exhibit from the free posters of****March for Science****Beyond Curie Project by Amanda Phingbodhipakkiya****making an exhibit from the free posters of NASA**__https://chandra.harvard.edu/women/index.html#resources__**List of 70 books 70 Books to Inspire Science-Loving Girls**__https://www.amightygirl.com/blog?p=13914__**ordering the movie of Maryam Mizrakhani “Secrets of the Surface “ from**__zalafilms__

**12th of February: Darwin Day**

**The theory of evolution by natural selection that was developed by Charles Darwin revolutionized the study of living things. In his ***Origin of Species***(1859) he provided a scientific explanation of how the diverse species of plants and animals have descended over time from common ancestors. His theory remains central to the foundations of modern biology.**

*Resources*

**14th of February: Valentines Day**

**Valentines Day is here only because I have found these math cards on the web. 😁Thanks to Cassandra Valenti (**__@MathWithMrsV__)** . Click **__here__** for the cards.**

**Science Valentines Cards**

**15th of February: Galileo Galilei’s birthday**

**A Pioneer in Mathematics, Physics, and Astronomy**

*Resources*

*Have a virtual visit to*__Galileo Museum__*in Florence*

**See the Sector compass closer at **__Google Arts and Culture__** **

**19th of February: Nicolaus Copernicus's birthday**

**A Renaissance astronomer and mathematician who sparked the revolution in cosmology that's still going on today**

*Resources:*

**Copernicus' Life by the**__Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy__

**29 of February: Leap Day**

**Every four years, during a leap year, the imperfect match between the length of a calendar year and Earth's orbit results in an interesting calendar adjustment known as a leap day. In this problem set, students calculate the difference between the calendar year and Earth's orbital period, determine how much extra time gets added to our calendar, and identify which years omit leap years.**

*Resources:*

**MARCH**

**8th of March: International Women's Day and Women History Month**

**- Watch Secrets of Surface; Check **__local listings and airdates page____.__

**- Check out the **__all-female version of Mathigon's timeline of mathematics.__

**- A must-visit blog **__A Mighty Girl__**!**

**14th of March: Pi Day and International Math Day**

**Pi Day is celebrated on March 14th (3/14) around the world. Pi (Greek letter “π”) is the symbol used in mathematics to represent a constant — the ratio of the circumference of a circle to its diameter — which is approximately 3.14159. **

**The theme for the 2022 International Day of Mathematics is ****Mathematics Unites**

*Resources:*

**18th of March: Christian Goldbach' s Birthday **

**18 March 1690 marks the birthday of Christian Goldbach who studied law and mathematics and best known for the conjecture he made in a letter to Euler that every even integer > 2 is a sum of two primes.**

**Watch Professor David Eisenbud on the famed Goldbach Conjecture on**__YouTube__**.****Try**__Goldbach Calculator__**by Mathigon****Read the book**__Uncle Petros and Goldbach's Conjecture__**by Apostolos Doxiadis****More on Goldbach Conjecture on**__AoPS__

**22nd of March: World Water Day**

**World Water Day 2020, on 22 March, is about water and climate change – and how the two are inextricably linked.**

*Resources:*

**Watch the documentary A Plastic Ocean**

**28th of March: Earth Hour**

**Started by WWF and partners as a symbolic lights-out event in Sydney in 2007, Earth Hour is now one of the world's largest grassroots movements for the environment, engaging millions of people in more than 180 countries and territories. It has become a catalyst for positive environmental impact, driving major legislative changes by harnessing the power of the people.**

**Watch the video "Rock the World" on **__YouTube__

*Resources:*

**31st of March: Descartes' Birthday**

**The first modern philosopher is also famous for having made an important connection between geometry and algebra, which allowed for the solving of geometrical problems by way of algebraic equations.**

**APRIL**

**15th of April: Leonardo Da Vinci's Birthday**

**Several activities, projects, tasks can be done about Da Vinci, understanding his vision and polymath personality is very important in STEAM education. There will be a detailed Da Vinci Section at **__funmathfan__**. Coming Soon ..**

**22nd of April: Earth Day**

**04.22.2020 marks 50 years of Earth Day. The theme for Earth Day 2020 is climate action. Since Climate change represents the biggest challenge to the future of humanity and the life-support systems that make our world habitable. Earth Day was a unified response to an environment in crisis — oil spills, smog, rivers so polluted they literally caught fire.**
**On April 22, 1970, 20 million Americans — 10% of the U.S. population at the time — took to the streets, college campuses and hundreds of cities to protest environmental ignorance and demand a new way forward for our planet.**

**25th of April: DNA Day**

**National DNA Day is a holiday celebrated on April 25. It commemorates the day in 1953 when James Watson, Francis Crick, Maurice Wilkins, Rosalind Franklin and colleagues published papers in the journal Nature on the structure of DNA.**

**April 27-May 3, 2020 Astronomy Week**

**30th of April: Gauss' Birthday**

**German mathematician Carl Friedrich Gauss was so proficient at mathematics that he is considered to be one of the greatest mathematicians of all time. He was also talented in other subjects, including cartography, physics, and planetary astronomy**

**MAY**

**4th of May: **__STAR WARS Day__

__STAR WARS Day__

**May the Fourth Be with You!**

__Here__** is a list of math&science activities you can use for Star Wars Day.**

**11th of May: Salvador Dali's and Richard Feynman's Birthdays**

**Salvador Dali and Mathematics****http://mathematics-in-europe.eu/?p=966****Dali's Hypercube:**__Scientific American____,____Dali and the 4th Dimension by Thomas F. Banchoff__**Richard P. Feynman Biographical by**__the Nobel Prize____Feynman Lectures__**and his**__official site__

**12th of May: Women in Mathematics Day (Birthday of Maryam Mirzakhani)**

**May 12 was chosen for the Celebration of Women in Mathematics because it is the birthdate of Maryam Mirzakhani. **

**Watch Secrets of Surface; Check**__local listings and airdates page____.__**Here is the**__trailer__**.****Watch a 5-min**__Maryam Mirzakhani documentary__**by the Simons Foundation and International Mathematical Union.****Read the touching tribute by**__Stanford University__**for Maryam Mirzakhani and learn about her latest works.****Visit**__https://may12.womeninmaths.org/__**for details.**__2022 Events List__**for May 12 from all over the world.****Visit the**__Committee for Women in Mathematics__**page.**

**It is also the birthday of Florence Nightingale**

**Visit the page "**__FLORENCE NIGHTINGALE: THE PIONEER STATISTICIAN__**" by the Science Museum UK to learn more about how she used the data to save more lives.****Watch**__Florence Nightingale: Joy of Stats__**by the Open University**

**Check out the**__all-female version of Mathigon's timeline of mathematics.____32 Posters of Badass Women in Science to Inspire Girls Today__**A must-visit blog**__A Mighty Girl__**!****Visit the Mathfan Pages for**__posters__**,**__books__**and**__movies__**about the women of science!**

**18th of May: ****Bertrand Russell's Birthday**

**The British philosopher, mathematician, author and Nobel Prize Winner (Literature) Bertrand Russell's birthday can be used to introduce Paradoxes.**

**Visit **__https://plato.stanford.edu/entries/russell-paradox/____ __**and watch the video from **__Up and Atom about Russell's Paradox__

**JUNE**

**5th of June: World Environment Day**

**U****nited Nations leads the organizations and celebrations of WED ****to encourage awareness and action for the ****protection of the environment with a different theme every year since 1974****. **

**Visit the official website **__https://www.un.org/en/observances/environment-day__

**2020 theme of WED: Time for Nature - Biodiversity (****You can also take the **__quiz__** on UN's webpage about biodiversity)**

**2019 theme of WED: ****Beat Air Pollution**

###
**8th of June: World Oceans Day**

**Around 70% of Earth's surface is covered with oceans. But understanding the right amount of water, we need to calculate the volume of the water not the surface area. **

**Watch the video **__"____All the Water on Earth__**" to raise awareness for the oceans.**

Click __here__ for the SA:V poster.

**You can plan your own event as well as joining one nearby to support the World Oceans Day.**

**Visit the official website **__http://www.worldoceansday.org/__

**13th of June: Nash's Birthday**

**Celebrate the life of the only person who received both the Nobel Prize and Abel Prize.**

**2015 Abel Prize is for**** his seminal work in partial differential equations and the 1994 Nobel Prize is for his work in economics. **

**Watch the movie "The Beautiful Mind" where Nash is portrayed by Russel Crowe. The Movie is mostly concentrated on his contributions to Game theory and Economics.**

**Some videos to check out about Game Theory and Prisoner's Dilemma**

__https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MHS-htjGgSY__** by SciShow**

__https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=t-D5yoknywM____ __** by Up and Atom**

**17th of June: M.C. Escher's Birthday**

**The Dutch artist Escher is one of the symbols of math and art intersection. ****He is particularly famous with his tessellations, polyhedra drawings, hyperbolic geometry, or impossible shapes.**

**There is an Escher Museum in DenHag / Holland which displays the great examples of his work.**

**You can visit the Museum's **__Website__** and have a VR tour to see some of Escher's great work.**

**Also try the **__Online Tessellation Applet__** by **__shodor.org__** and to learn more about the tessellations and their properties visit**** **__Mathigon's Tessellation Chapter. __

**19th of June: Blaise Pascal's Birthday**

**He invented one of the first mechanical calculators when he was still a teenager, worked on geometry, probability, physics and theology, and is remembered for naming Pascal’s Triangle**

**For his philosophical approaches watch the**__ ____video by wireless philosophy____ __**and for his inventions, you may watch the**** **__video by Da Vinci Kids__

**23rd of June: Alan Turing's Birthday**

**As one of the most outstanding people in human history, British Mathematician Alan Turing is ****also a computer scientist, philosopher, code-breaker. His 1950 paper on '****Computing Machinery and Intelligence’ gave birth to todays' concepts of AI and machine learning.**

**Visit the **__website__** of Alan Turing Institute in UK.**

**You may also watch the 2014 Movie "The Imitation Game" based on the biography of Alan Turing: The Enigma.**

**28th of June: Happy Perfect Number Day!**

**Perfect numbers are defined as**** positive integers that are equal to the sum of all their positive divisors except themselves. 6 = 1+2+3 and 28 = 1+2+4+7+14**

**Visit the **__Mathigon's__** Perfect number chapter to learn about the perfect numbers.**

**JULY**

**1st of July: Leibniz's Birthday**

**The Universal Genius, ****Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz,**** invented calculus (together with Newton) as well as mechanical calculators, and he ****was a prominent German ****polymath**** and one of the most important logicians, mathematicians and natural philosophers of the ****Enlightenment****.**

**You may watch the video by Crash Course ''**__Newton vs Leibniz__**"**

**22nd of July: 22/7 Pi Approximation Day**

**If 14th of March is not enough for you to celebrate Pi, you may continue to celebrate on the best approximation day too.**

**You may watch **__the video by Draw Curiosity__** ****about the different approximations of Pi.**

**AUGUST**

**4th of August: John Venn's Birthday**

**English mathematician and logician John Venn was born in 1834. He is especially famous for introducing the "Venn diagrams" used in set theory and logic. Venn Diagram uses ****circles to visually and logically sort groups to illustrate their relationships to each other.**

**SEPTEMBER**

**8th of September: Marin Mersenne's Birthday**

**Although he was a famous polymath contributed many different fields from math to music, he is best known with his discovery about prime numbers. Mersenne Primes ****are the numbers that can be written in the form ***Mn*** = 2^***n*** − 1**** where n is a prime. **

**The first four Mersenne primes are ***M***2 = 3, ***M***3 = 7, ***M***5 = 31 and ***M***7 = 127.**

**You can visit the website **__https://www.mersenne.org/____ __**and join the Great Internet Mersenne Prime Search (GIMPS).**

**17th of September: Riemann's Birthday**

**Georg Friedrich Bernhard Riemann ****as a German ****mathematician**** who made contributions to ****analysis****, ****number theory****, and ****differential geometry****. Riemann Integral, his work on Fourier Series and Riemann Surfaces are one of the most influential works of mathematics. Solving the Riemann Hypothesis is called "the hardest way to earn a million dollars"!**

**You may want to watch the related**__ ____Numberphile video__**.**

**There is also a more advanced video by MoMath "**__Math Encounters - Primes and Zeros: A Million-Dollar Mystery__**"**** **

**22nd of September: Michael Faraday's Birthday**

**His main discoveries include the principles underlying ****electromagnetic induction****, ****magnetism**** and ****electrolysis****. Although Faraday received little formal education, he was one of the most influential scientists in history. ****Albert Einstein**** kept a picture of Faraday on his study wall, alongside pictures of ****Newton**** and Maxwell.**

**OCTOBER**

**4-10 October: World Space Week:**

**This year the theme is “Satellites Improve Life.” **

**In 2021, World Space Week celebrates “Women in Space.”**

**Week of 4 - 10 October is declared as World Space Week to celebrate each year at the international level the contributions of space science and technology to the betterment of the human condition” ****You may visit the official website**** **__http://www.worldspaceweek.org/__

###
** 9-15 October: Earth Science Week:**

**Earth Science Week 2020 Theme is 'Earth Materials in Our Lives'.**

**You may visit the official website **__http://www.earthsciweek.org/__** ****and choose an activity categorized according to the different grade levels. There are also different contests like essay, photograph, visual arts and video that each grade level can join.**

__Here__** is a list of math & science activities for Halloween with additional surprises.**

**NOVEMBER**

**7th of November: ****Marie Curie's Birthday**

**Marie Curie**** is the first woman to win a Nobel Prize, in Physics. She also became the first person to claim Nobel honors twice in different fields (Chemistry). With her husband, they discovered polonium and radium, and she led the development of X-rays and treatment of cancer. **

**There is also a 2019 movie called **__Radioactive__** **** starring ****Rosamund Pike**** as ****Marie Curie****.**

**Curie’s laboratory notebooks are at France’s Bibliotheque National in Paris. You can view her notebooks by signing a a liability waiver and wearing protective gear since these items are still radioactive .**

Click __here__ for the Marie Curie poster.

**Some of her famous quotes:**

*"Life is not easy for any of us. But what of that? We must have perseverance and above all confidence in ourselves. We must believe that we are gifted for something and that this thing must be attained." *

*"Nothing in life is to be feared; it is only to be understood."*** **

*"Be less curious about people and more curious about ideas."*

__Here__** is a virtual exhibit you can visit by the University of Paris about Maria S. Curie (**1867-1934)

**11th of November: Origami Day**

**One of the best days to celebrate and relax at the same time is for sure the Origami Day. You can start visiting the **__official website__** of the Origami day in USA.**

**There are several books about Origami. I can recommend one particular book about modular origami by the inspiring young writer Byriah Loper is "**__Mind-Blowing Modular Origami: The Art of Polyhedral Paper Folding: Use Origami Math to fold Complex, Innovative Geometric Origami Models__*"*

**You can also learn more about the **__Origami axioms and applications__** by visiting Mathigon website.**

**Origami folding techniques are used in spacecrafts as well. If you are looking for a more STEAM related ideas, here is the funmathfan's **__ORIGAMI IN SPACE; MIURA, TREASE AND MORE__** article.**

**23rd of November: Fibonacci Day **

**November 23rd, corresponds to the first numbers of the Fibonacci sequence **

**11.23 = 1 – 1 – 2 – 3 – 5 - 8 - 13 - 21 - 34 - ...**

**This pattern of counting means that each number is the sum of the previous two. DNA patterns and hurricanes contain patterns showing this sequence. It is referred as the “nature’s secret code” .**

**Some say the famous Apple logo's ****design is based on the ****Fibonacci**** series too.**

**Here are three different math tasks with Polypad related with Fibonacci Numbers**

**Visit the website by **__Dreambox__** OR **__Mensa for Kids__** to celebrate the Fibonacci Day**

**DECEMBER**

**10th of December (October 12): ****Ada Lovelace Day**

**English mathematician and writer ****Ada Lovelace is also one of the first computer programmers. She is the daughter of famous poet Lord Byron.**

**In her notes, Ada Lovelace explained the difference between the Analytical Engine and previous calculating machines, particularly its ability to be programmed to solve problems of any complexity.**

**She was aware of the potential of the device extended far beyond mere number crunching they can be used to solve advanced algorithms.**

**You may watch the videos by **__Da Vinci TV__** and **__SciShow____ __**to learn more about Ada Lovelace.**

Click __here__ for the Ada Lovelace poster.

** 7 - 13 December: Computer Science Education/Hour of Code Week**

**Visit the official websites to raise awareness about the Computer Science and coding.**

__CS Ed Week:____www.csedweek.org____Hour of Code:____http://hourofcode.com/us__

**You can promote computer science locally, host a CS Tech Jam or bring Hour of Code to your classroom.**

**Remember that, even if you cannot provide computers or tablets for everyone, you can use **__Computer Science Unplugged Activitie____s__** to introduce the concepts of CS without using computers. **

**22nd of December: Ramanujan’s Birthday and Indian National Math Day**

**Here is a **__Google slide__** with many links to celebrate the life of Ramanujan.**

**Extra:**

**- Read the remembrance by his collaborator G.H. Hardy: **__The Indian Mathematician Ramanujan__** **

**- A poem by Jay Cummings: **__Joined by Math__** **

**HAPPY HOLIDAYS**

**26th of December: Conway’s Birthday**

**John Conway (26 December 1937 – 11 April 2020) was an English mathematician active in the theory of finite groups, knot theory, number theory, combinatorial game theory and coding theory. He is the inventor of cellular automation and the zero-player game; Game Of Life.**

**- Play **__Game of Life____ __**by Conway**

**- Watch the series of Numberphile interviews with Conway on **__YouTube__**.**

**27th of December: Kepler’s Birthday**

**Kepler was a German teacher, ****astronomer****, ****mathematician****, and ****astrologer****. He is best known for his ****laws of planetary motion.**** **

**Watch the **__video__** ****about his three laws of planetary motion.**

**You can visit the Nasa's education website for the activity "**__Exploring Exoplanets with Kepler__**"**

**He was also the first person to publish a detailed study of the tilings of regular polygons in Book II of Harmonices Mundi ("**__The Harmony of the World__**"), published in 1619.**

**Here is the **__Polypad __**activity where you can draw Kepler's monsters (fused decagon pairs)**

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